Learning disabilities create challenges with foundational, academic, and social functioning.
Common issues include Dyslexia (reading disorders), Dysgraphia (writing difficulties), and Dyscalculia (mathematics compromises).
Language Processing Disorders are additional disabilities which can interfere with retrieval and formation of speech sounds and reception, recall, understanding, integration, and expression of language. Further, these issues can impact comprehension and usage of social communication. Many individuals with language difficulties encounter compromises in the language arts (reading, writing, speaking, and learning a second language.
Nonverbal Learning Disability is another condition affecting visual perceptual functions. Limitations can drive compromises in mathematics and sciences secondary to issues with visual/spatial, mechanical, abstract/analytical, and hands-on (tactile-kinesthetic) functions.
Learning disabilities significantly co-exist with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).